Legally Speaking

Canadian Pension Plan Disability (“CPPD”)

Navigating the intricacies of Canada Pension Plan Disability (CPPD) application process can be overwhelming for individuals grappling with pain or illness. CPPD serves as a lifeline for those unable to work due to a disability. It is designed to provide partial income for those CPP contributors who are under 65 and do not yet qualify for regular CPP.

In this blog post, we will explore what CPPD is, how to qualify, what is needed to apply, and other crucial aspects to consider.

What is CPP Disability?

CPP Disability is a financial assistance program provided by the Government of Canada to individuals who have contributed to the Canada Pension Plan and are unable to work regularly due to a disability.

Who qualifies for CPP Disability?

To qualify for CPP Disability, it must be shown that:

  1. You are under the age of 65.
  2. You have made the minimum amount of valid CPP contributions.
  3. You have a physical or mental medical condition that prevents you from regularly working any job.

This medical condition must be both “severe and prolonged”, meaning it must be a disability that regularly stops you from doing any type of substantially gainful work and is long-term and indefinite duration or likely to result in death.

What is needed to apply for CPP Disability?

The first step in applying for CPP Disability benefit is completing the CPP Disability application form, available on the Government of Canada’s website or by contacting Service Canada.

Next, an applicant must have their doctor or nurse practitioner fill out the medical report form which explains the nature of your condition and the severity of the disability and its impact on your ability to work.

What are some important considerations when applying for CPP Disability?

In addition to the above, it is important to know:

  • if your application is denied, applicants have the right to submit a request for reconsideration.


  • individuals who have been approved for CPP Disability may have their cases reviewed at a later date to ensure they are eligible to receive benefits. If this happens, you may be asked to provide updated medical information.



  • if you are going to school and/or participating in volunteering while receiving benefits, you have an obligation to inform Service Canada if you are doing these activities for more than 15 hours a week and have been doing these activities for 4 months or more.



  • if you begin working after receiving benefits, your disability benefits may be impacted by your gross earnings.



  • If your benefits stop, and at a later day you are no longer able to work again, you may qualify for the automatic reinstatement process.


  • although your application can be reconsidered, it is always wise to put your best foot forward on the first application.


  • if approved for CPP Disability, you will be issued a one-time payment from Service Canada to represent the past disability benefit you would have been eligible for before you applied. The maximum you can receive is 12 months.

Correia & Collins represents accident and injury victims. Contact us by phone at 506-648-1700 or online for advice. Your first consultation is free.